7400 Series Guide: 74LS00/74HC00 (NAND gates)

This IC, often found as 74LS00 or 74HC00, is a chip with four basic NAND gates. The NAND gate is a logic gate – one of the most basic building blocks in digital electronics. The chip comes in a 14-pin package with the following pinout:

Chip package and pinout for the 74HC00/74LS00

In this guide, you’re going to learn what the 74×00 IC does and how to hook it up in a circuit.

What does the 74LS00 / 74LS00 do?

The 74×00 gives you four basic NAND gates that can be used individually.

A NAND gate is a logic gate that gives you a 0 (LOW) only if all of its inputs are 1 (HIGH). In the truth table below, you can see what the output will be for any given input:

NAND truth table and symbol
Truth table for the NAND gate

How To Use This Chip

Like every other chip in the 7400 series, this IC must be connected to power before you can use it. Most 7400 ICs support a VCC voltage of 5V. One difference between the HC and LS version of the chip is that the 74HC00 supports 2V to 6V, while the 74LS00 supports only 5V.

Once connected, you can use any of the four basic NAND gates inside.

7400 series IC connected to 5V on a breadboard
The 74HC00 IC connected to power

Output Current

Each gate output of the 74HC00 can sink or source 4 mA when powered with 5V.

HIGH-Level Output Current: 0.4 mA
LOW-Level Output Current: 8 mA

74HC00/74LS00 Pinout

The 74×00 has 14 pins and contains four basic NAND gates, laid out as shown in the pinout diagram below:

Pinout for the 74HC00/74LS00 chip
Pin NamePin #TypeDescription
1A1InputInput to the first NAND gate.
1B2InputInput to the first NAND gate.
1Y3OutputOutput from the first NAND gate.
2A4InputInput to the second NAND gate.
2B5InputInput to the second NAND gate.
2Y6OutputOutput from the second NAND gate.
GND7PowerConnect to ground.
3Y8OutputOutput from the third NAND gate.
3A9InputInput to the third NAND gate.
3B10InputInput to the third NAND gate.
4Y11OutputOutput from the fourth NAND gate.
4A12InputInput to the fourth NAND gate.
4B13InputInput to the fourth NAND gate.
VCC14PowerPositive power supply. Connect to +5V power.
Pin overview for the 74×00 IC

74×00 Circuit Example

Here’s a simple project you can build with the 74×00 IC. The two NAND gates make up an SR latch that controls an LED. The LED can be turned on or off with the two buttons.

Circuit diagram for a 74HC00 NAND-based LED switch

To build this circuit, you’ll need the following parts:

  • 1 x 74×00 (such as 74LS00 or 74HC00)
  • 1 x LED (L1)
  • 2 x 10 kΩ resistor (R1-R2)
  • 1 x 1 kΩ resistor (R3)
  • 2 x pushbutton (S1-S2)

Alternatives and Equivalents for 74HC00 / 74LS00

There are many versions of the 74×00 chip. They all have the same functionality, but with different specifications such as supported voltages and maximum current output.

Here’s a list of a few equivalents of this chip:

  • 74HC00 (High-speed CMOS)
  • 74HCT00 (High-speed CMOS, TTL compatible)
  • 74LS00 (High-speed TTL)
  • 74LVC00 (Low Voltage TTL)
  • 74AC00 (Advanced CMOS)
  • 74ALS00 (Advanced Low-Power Schottky TTL)
  • 74F00 (Very High Speed)
  • 74C00 (CMOS, similar to the 4000-series)

Some manufacturers also add a prefix, such as the SN74HC00 and SN74LS00 by Texas Instruments.

Can’t find the 74×00 anywhere? Then try one of the following IC alternatives:

  • 74×03 – Quad 2-input NAND gates (with open-collector outputs).
  • 74×132 – Quad 2-input NAND gates (with Schmitt-trigger inputs).
  • CD4011 – Quad 2-input NAND gates.
  • CD4093 – Quad 2-input NAND gates (with Schmitt-trigger inputs).

If you can’t find the 74×00 IC in your local electronics store, don’t worry, you’ll most likely find it in one of the stores listed on this page of online stores where you’ll find components and tools for all your electronics projects.

Datasheet for the 74LS00 and 74HC00 chips

Download the PDF datasheet for your version of the 74×00 here:

6 thoughts on “7400 Series Guide: 74LS00/74HC00 (NAND gates)”

  1. In order to improve my understanding of electronics here’s what I did

    In a logic gates simulator program like Logisim I laid out quad 2 input NAND gates then embedded them inside an IC and connected up the inputs (pin 7 & 14 for power and one of the 4 NAND gates) so you get a better understanding of how the chip that is mentioned in the article works.

    Then in a schematic capture program like easyEDA I copied out the “74×00 Circuit Example ” with the push buttons , resistors , LED and 2 NAND gates which would be 2 of the 4 NAND gates from your 74HC00(or similar) chip.

  2. In the image “The 74HC00 IC connected to power” should connect the ground (black wire to OV (black vcc wire). In the breedboard it’s connected to 5v.

    • In general, you can use any 74HC00 chip to replace the 74HC00AP. But there could be some rare exceptions if you have special requirements, but I doubt it.


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