IC 4081 is a CMOS chip with four AND gates. An AND gate is a logic gate that gives a HIGH output only when all its inputs are HIGH.
This Integrated Circuit (IC) has four AND gates and each gate has two inputs. Therefore it’s often called a Quad 2-Input AND Gate.
|Pin Name||Pin #||Type||Description|
|VDD||14||Power||Supply Voltage (+3 to +15V)|
|A1 to A4||1, 5, 8, 12||Input||Inputs A of the four AND gates|
|B1 to B4||2, 6, 9, 13||Input||Inputs B of the four AND gates|
|Q1 to Q4||3, 4, 10, 11||Output||Outputs from the four AND gates|
What is an AND gate?
An AND gate is one of the primary a logic gates. It can have two or more inputs. It gives a HIGH output only when all of these inputs are HIGH. The basic AND gate has two inputs and you can see its symbol and truth table below.
|Input A||Input B||Output Q|
How To Use the 4081 IC
To be able to use any of the OR gates in the chip, you must first connect the VDD pin and GND pin to the power supply. You’ll need a power supply voltage of anywhere from 3V to 15V.
Some versions of the chip support up to 20V. Check the datasheet of your version of the chip for exact values.
The A and B pins are the inputs to the four AND gates in the IC. What you input here decides the output.
The Q pins are the outputs from the AND gates.
4081 Example Circuit
Here’s a practical circuit example that you can build using a 4081 IC.
The circuit demonstrates the basic operation of an AND gate. A fun project for understanding the operation of an AND gate.
Normally, both inputs to the AND gate are LOW. Push any of the pushbuttons to create a HIGH on either pin and see what the AND gate outputs. A lit LED represents a HIGH output, an unlit LED represents a LOW output.
To build this you’ll need:
- Two pushbuttons
- A Red LED
- Three 10 kΩ resistors
- A chip with OR gates such as the CD4081BE
Connect the circuit as shown using any of the four gates available. For instance, pins 1 and 2 are the inputs to the AND gate with its output at pin 3.
But remember that you also need to connect the VDD and GND pins to your power supply in order for the OR gates to work – even though this is not shown in the circuit diagram.
Alternatives and Equivalents for 4081
You likely find the 4081 IC marked as CD4081, NTE4081, MC14081, HCF4081, TC4081, or HEF4081. Usually with a few extra characters at the end (Ex: CD4081BE).
This has to do with the manufacturer of the chip and the technology used. But the functionality and the pins are the same.
If you can’t find any of these in your local electronics store, check out my list of online stores where you can find components and tools for all your electronics projects.
Or try one of the following IC alternatives with 2-input AND gates:
- 74HC08: Quad 2-input AND gate
- 74HC09: Quad 2-input AND gate
Download the PDF datasheet for the IC 4081 here: