The IC 4001 is a CMOS chip with four NOR gates. Because each gate has two inputs and it has four gates inside, it’s usually called a Quad 2-Input NOR Gate.
A NOR gate combines the functionality of OR and NOT gates. It gives a HIGH output only when both inputs are LOW; otherwise, the output is LOW.
|Pin Name||Pin #||Type||Description|
|VDD||14||Power||Supply Voltage (+3 to +15V)|
|A1 to A4||1, 5, 8, 12||Input||Inputs A of the four NOR gates|
|B1 to B4||2, 6, 9, 13||Input||Inputs B of the four NOR gates|
|Q1 to Q4||3, 4, 10, 11||Output||Outputs from the four NOR gates|
What is a NOR gate?
A NOR gate is a logic gate that combines the functionality of both an OR and a NOT gate. It’s often called NOT-OR because it’s the same as an OR gate with a NOT gate on the output.
Simply put, a NOR gate gives a HIGH output only when all the inputs are LOW as shown in the truth table below. Therefore, if you input a HIGH in any of the inputs, the result will automatically become LOW since the results of the OR gate are inverted by the NOT gate.
|Input A||Input B||Output Q|
NOR gates are basic logic gates that can be used for a lot of different logical operations. You’ll often see NOR gates in the construction of flip-flops and latches.
How To Use the 4001 IC
First of all, you need a power supply voltage of 3 to 15V. Some versions of the chip support up to 20V. Check the datasheet of your version of the chip for exact values.
To be able to use any of the NOR gates, you need to first connect the VDD pin to the positive terminal and GND pin to the negative terminal.
The A and B pins are the inputs to the four NOR gates in the IC.
The Q pins are the outputs from the NOR gates.
CD4001BE Example Circuit
Here is a practical example that you can build with the NOR gates.
The circuit uses two NOR gates to create an SR latch that turns on and off an LED with separate ON/OFF buttons:
When the On-button is pushed, the LED turns and stays on even after the button is released. The LED stays lit until the Off-button is pushed. To build this you’ll need:
- A Red LED
- Three 10 kΩ resistors
- A chip with NOR gates such as the CD4001BE
Remember that you also need to connect the VDD and GND pins to your power supply in order for the NOR gates to work – even though this is not shown in the circuit diagram.
Alternatives and Equivalents for 4001
You likely find the 4001 IC marked as CD4001, NTE4001, MC14001, HCF4001, TC4001, or HEF4001. Usually with a few extra characters at the end (Ex: CD4001BE).
This has to do with the manufacturer of the chip and the technology used. But the functionality and the pins are the same.
If they don’t have the 4001 in your local electronics store, check out my list of online stores where you can find components and tools for all your electronics projects.
Can’t find the 4001? Then try one of the following IC alternatives with 2-input NOR gates:
- 4572: Single NOR gate (plus 1x NAND and 4x NOT gates)
- 74HC02: Quad 2-input NOR gates
Download the PDF datasheet for the IC 4001 here: