NOT Gate (Inverter) – Logic Gates Tutorial

A NOT gate (or inverter) is a logic gate where the output is the opposite of the input. So you can say that the output is NOT the same as the input. It’s often called an inverter since it inverts the input.

The schematic symbol for an inverter is like a buffer, just with a circle at the output to indicate that it’s an inverted version of the input.

NOT gate truth table and symbol

The logic or Boolean expression for a NOT gate is \overline{A} = Q which means that:

Q is the opposite of A

Truth Table

A NOT gate can only have one input. And its truth table is pretty simple since there are only two possible states; the input being HIGH (or “1”) or the input being LOW (or “0”).

NOT Gate Truth Table

Inverter/NOT gate symbol
Input AOutput Q
01
10

Build an Inverter with Transistor-Resistor Logic

You can build an inverter/NOT gate from transistors and resistors. This technique is called resistor-transistor logic (RTL).

RTL schematic for a NOT gate/inverter
NOT gate with transistors and resistors

If A is HIGH, the transistor turns on. When the transistor is turned on, Q is pulled LOW through the transistor. If A is LOW, the transistor is off and Q is pulled HIGH through the resistor up to VCC.

It’s fun to know how you could build it with transistors and resistors. But it’s not really practical to use that many components just to make a simple logic gate. Luckily, there are many ICs that have NOT gates that you can use out of the box.

IC Alternatives with NOT Gates/Inverters

Pinout for the 4001 IC

If you want to experiment and build circuits with NOT gates, you’ll find them in both the 4000 IC series and the 7400 IC series:

  • 4041: Four NOT gates/inverters (with buffers)
  • 4049: Six NOT gates/inverters
  • 4069: Six NOT gates/inverters
  • 40106: Six NOT gates/inverters with Schmitt trigger
  • 4572: Four NOT gates/inverters (plus a few other gates)
  • 74HC04: Six NOT gates/inverters (HC is the family, can also be LS/HCT/…)
  • 74HC05: Six NOT gates/inverters (HC is the family, can also be LS/HCT/…)
  • 74HC14: Six NOT gates/inverters with Schmitt trigger (HC is the family, can also be LS/HCT/…)

These should all be available as hobbyist-friendly through-hole chips. Just make sure you buy the DIP package version.

Inverter Example Circuit: Blinking LED

A fun circuit to build with inverters is the blinking LED circuit. In the following circuit, the Light-Emitting Diode (LED) is blinking continuously. Note that this circuit will only work with Schmitt trigger inverters. So you can build it for example with the CD40106B chip or the 74C14 chip.

The resistor R1 and the capacitor C1 sets the blinking speed.

Blinking LED circuit using schmitt inverter

More Logic Gates Tutorials

4 thoughts on “NOT Gate (Inverter) – Logic Gates Tutorial”

  1. Hello sir…. I want to make LED blinking circuit but I am confused whether the ic is 74HC14 or 74C14. please confirm.

    Reply
    • You can use both. But keep in mind that if you use 74HC14, you can’t use a power supply higher than 6V (so a 9V battery won’t work)

      Reply
  2. If I put micro switch instead of the capacitor will I get simple NOT circuit? I need that kind of circuit but on a 12V, so what values of components should I use?

    Reply
    • If you’re talking about the Inverter Example Circuit: Blinking LED, you need to remove ALL components, except the NOT gate, then you have a NOT circuit. But I might be misunderstanding your question here.

      Reply

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