How do you find the best soldering iron for a hobbyist? There are so many options. What do you really need?
Tip Thickness And Wattage
Two things to consider when choosing a soldering iron is the thickness of the tip and the wattage.
The wattage determines how fast the soldering iron heats up. When you solder, heat is transferred away from the soldering iron tip to the solder joint. High wattage makes it easier for the tip to keep its temperature high.
If you are soldering surface mount components with fine pitch, you need a thin soldering iron tip. And the wattage isn’t really anything to worry about. If you are soldering big joints in for example a connector, you should use a thicker tip and more wattage.
The Best Soldering Iron For Basic Soldering
If you are doing just very basic soldering, then my honest opinion is that any soldering iron will do.
You can find a cheap soldering iron on Amazon for about $10 that will do the job. For example, check out this 60 Watt Soldering Iron.
The Best Soldering Iron for All-round Soldering
If you are going to do a bit more advanced stuff like solder ESD sensitive components like microcontrollers, you should invest a bit more.
The best soldering iron for this type of work is an ESD safe iron. If it has variable temperature setting and the possibility to change the tip, you will get a very versatile soldering iron.
The variable temperature lets you choose a lower temperature for SMD components and a higher temperature for larger solder joints. And with changeable tips you can choose the correct tip for the type of soldering you are doing.
Many would agree that the best soldering iron is the Weller WES51 Analog Soldering Station. It is ESD safe, has variable temperature and a variety of tips are available.
For half the price though, you can get the Weller WLC100 40-Watt Soldering Station which is also a great option for hobbyists.
If your travel a lot, there are things to think about if you want to use your soldering iron in another country.