The CD4025 is a CMOS chip with three 3-input NOR gates. Because each gate has three inputs and it has three gates inside, it’s usually called a Triple 3-Input NOR Gate.
|Pin Name||Pin #||Type||Description|
|VDD||14||Power||Supply Voltage (+3 to +15V)|
|A1 to A3||1, 3, 13||Input||Inputs A of the three NOR gates|
|B1 to B3||2, 4, 12||Input||Inputs B of the three NOR gates|
|C1 to C3||5, 8, 11||Input||Inputs C of the three NOR gates|
|Q1 to Q3||6, 9, 10||Output||Outputs from the three NOR gates|
What is a 3-input NOR gate?
A NOR gate is a logic gate that gives a HIGH output only when all the inputs are LOW as shown in the truth table below.
Therefore, if you input a HIGH in any of the inputs, the output will become LOW. Otherwise, the output will be HIGH.
|Input A||Input B||Input C||Output Q|
How To Use the CD4025?
First of all, you need a power supply voltage of 3 to 15V. Some versions of the chip support up to 20V. Check the datasheet of your version of the chip for exact values.
To be able to use any of the NOR gates in the chip, you need to first connect the VDD pin to the positive supply terminal and the GND pin to the negative supply terminal.
The A, B, and C pins are the inputs to the three NOR gates in the IC.
The Q pins are the outputs from the NOR gates.
CD4025 Example Circuit – Loop Through RGB LED colors
The 3-input NOR gates in the 4025 IC detects which output is high and makes sure the correct colors of the RGB led are turned on.
To build this you’ll need:
- A common cathode RGB LED (D1)
- A 555 Timer (U1)
- CD4017 Decade Counter (U2)
- A chip with three 3-input NOR gates such as the CD4025BE (U3)
- 1 kΩ resistors (R1-R5)
- 470 µF capacitor (C1)
- 10 nF capacitor (C2) – this can often be omitted
Alternatives and Equivalents for CD4025
You likely find the 4025 IC marked as CD4025, NTE4025, MC14025, HCF4025, TC4025, or HEF4025. Usually with a few extra characters at the end (Ex: CD4025BE).
This has to do with the manufacturer of the chip and the technology used. But the functionality and the pins are the same.
If they don’t have any of these chips in your local electronics store, check out my list of online stores where you can find components and tools for all your electronics projects.
Can’t find the 4025? Then try one of the following IC alternatives with 2-input NOR gates:
- 74HC27: Triple 3-input NOR
Download the PDF datasheet for the IC 4025 here: