How To Build A Circuit In 6 Steps

6 steps for how to build a circuit:

  1. Find a circuit diagram
  2. Draw the circuit diagram into Eagle
  3. Draw board layout in eagle
  4. Get your circuit board made
  5. Order components
  6. Solder components to your board

Tweezers on circuit board

Types of Diodes

A diode is a component that only conducts electricity in one direction. It is commonly used to convert from alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC).Types of diodes - signal diode

Several types of diodes exist. And it can be a bit confusing if you have never worked with diodes before.

I would like to share the most standard types of diodes that are commonly used by hobbyists.

Current Limiting Resistor

A current limiting resistor is a resistor that is used to reduce the current in a circuit.

A simple example is a resistor in series with an LED.

fi-simplest-circuits

You would usually want to have a current limiting resistor in series with your LED so that you can control the amount of current through the LED.

If too much current is going through your LED, it will burn out too fast. If too little current is going through it, it might not be enough to lit the LED.

Microcontroller Board Prototyping

Microcontroller breakout board from SparkfunUsing a microcontroller board is a simple way to get started using microcontrollers in your projects. You will get a development board with a microcontroller and all the components needed to make it work.

This means you can focus on your idea instead of the details around setting up a microcontroller circuit.

And usually the schematic diagram is provided so that you can easily incorporate the microcontroller in your own circuit later on.

I often use a microcontroller board when I want to test a new microcontroller. Or when I want to make a prototype.

I wanted to write a little bit about some of the boards I have used.

Arduino Programming Overview For Beginners

If you haven’t started Arduino programming yet, it’s about time. The Arduino is a microcontroller board originally made for Interaction Design students in Italy. It was specifically developed to make it easy to start programming microcontrollers – even if you have no technical background.

Arduino microcontroller board

Microcontroller Programming

Microcontroller programming can seem a bit tricky because there are many confusing choices to make. I remember how I felt in the beginning. With all the available compilers, IDE’s, programmers and programming methods – no wonder you get confused!

So, let’s break it down.

Microcontroller Board ATmega32u4 from Sparkfun

I struggled a lot when I was learning the microcontroller basics. I followed different tutorials and ended up with lots of different software on my computer, which made it confusing. And I had to use an external board for programming the chip.

All of this made it hard to understand what I actually needed to make it work.

So to make microcontroller programming as simple as possible for you – here is an overview of what you need to do.

Microcontroller Basics

I loved learning about the microcontroller basics when I was studying. It meant I could start taking advantage of microcontrollers in my electronics projects. It kind of felt like with this knowledge, I was unstoppable. I could build ANYTHING!

And it is actually true. Microcontrollers are powerful components. They let you write programs to control your electronics. Combine this knowledge with how to build your own circuit boards, and you’re gonna make amazing things.

By using a microcontroller in your project you will have access to a vast amount of functionality from the tips of your (programming) fingers.

Microcontroller basics example board

Series and Parallel Circuits

In electronics, we can find both series and parallel circuits.

A series circuit is a circuit where the components are connected in a consecutive chain. This gives the current only one path to take.

A parallel circuit is a circuit where the components are connected parallel to each other. So the current will flow in several paths.

Series and parallel circuits

Often, real circuits have a mix of series and parallel circuits.

Thevenin’s Theorem – A Simple Explanation

Thevenin’s Theorem explains how to simplify a complex circuit. It states that any linear circuit with only voltage sources, current sources, and resistors can be simplified to a voltage source with a series resistor.

But what does this really mean?

Sometimes a picture says more than a thousand words, so here are two pictures to explain what Thevenin’s Theorem is about.

Timer Project with Gong

This is a timer project I recently made.

Timer project with gong

I am really into productivity techniques and I think using the Pomodoro technique is a nice way of working when you need to be productive.

You work hard for 25 minutes, then take a 5 minute break.

Also, I have found that the sound of a gong makes me really relaxed and focused. So I decided to build a timer project with a gong.

I wanted the gong to “gong” at the start to make me focus, then “gong” at the end to make me relax during the break.

Electronics Project: 1937 radio hacked into an iPhone dock

This is an electronics project of mine. It’s a 1937 Philips radio modified into a docking station.

The reason I did it was because I had this old Philips radio laying around. And I couldn’t use it because it only had an AM receiver. So, I thought it would be cool to make it into an iPhone dock =D

How I did it

The first thing I did was to remove old the old parts from it.

 

Arduino Shield Tutorial – Make Your Own Shield

In this Arduino shield tutorial, I will show you how to create a 4×4 LED matrix Arduino shield. You can make any shield you want using this method.

The Arduino shield tutorial circuit
The tutorial consists of three videos:

  • How to plan and create schematics
  • How to design a circuit board
  • How to get prototype circuits made
Arduino Uno - MakerFaire Rome Edition

The Simplest Amplifier Circuit Diagram

I have been looking for a good stereo amplifier circuit diagram for a long time. I am not a HiFi geek, I just wanted to build a simple stereo amplifier that could drive some speakers for my desktop computer.

stereo-amplifier-board-layout

All the schematic diagrams that I could find seemed to involve lots of hard-to-find components or you had to use it together with a pre-amplifier or some other amplifier stage. It was always something that made me hesitate.

But recently I found this awesome little chip called TEA2025! You only need a few capacitors to make a decent stereo amplifier out of it. It is so simple to build that I put it together on a stripboard in just a few hours.

Basic Electronic Components Used in Circuits

Some basic electronic components drawn as cartoons

I learned about the basic electronic components by going to the library and reading books.

I was just starting out.

And I felt like a lot of the books explained everything in a difficult way.

In this article, I will give you a simple overview, with an explanation of the basic electronic components – what they are and what they do.

Eagle Autorouter Tutorial

In this short and simple tutorial I am going to walk you through how to use the Eagle autorouter with net classes.

The net classes feature lets you select different widths for each net. This is useful if you for example want your power traces to be thicker than your signal traces.

In this example we’ll set up a new net class for our ground net. And we’ll set the default width for all the other nets.

Scroll down to the bottom if you prefer a video tutorial instead.