# Arduino Thermistor Guide: Easy Circuit & Code Walkthrough

In this tutorial, we’ll guide you on how to set up a thermistor with Arduino to create a basic thermometer. The schematic, breadboard illustration, and example code provided will make it easy and straightforward to get your thermistor working.

## Step 1: Understand the Thermistor

Our thermistor has the following parameters:

• T0: 25°C
• RT0: 10,000 Ω
• B: 3977 K

These values are found in the datasheet provided by the thermistor manufacturer. Check out this example datasheet for a thermistor from Vishay.

T0 is the reference temperature of the thermistor. For most thermistors, this is 25°C.

RT0 is the resistance of the thermistor at the reference temperature (which is commonly 25°C).

The B value, also known as the “beta value” or “B coefficient”, of the thermistor gives you insight into how the resistance changes with temperature. You’ll need this value in order to calculate the temperature of the thermistor.

## Step 2: Connect the Arduino Thermistor Circuit

To connect a thermistor to an Arduino, connect it in series with a resistor between 5V and GND. Then connect the middle connection between the two to an analog input pin on the Arduino.

Here’s how you can connect a thermistor and resistor to an Arduino by using a breadboard and some cables:

## Step 3: Upload the Arduino Thermistor Code

This Arduino code shows you how to read the voltage across the thermistor, convert it into resistance, and use that to calculate the temperature around the thermistor.

It then prints out the temperature value in Celcius, Kelvin, and Fahrenheit to the Serial Monitor.

``````// Thermistor parameters from the datasheet
#define RT0 10000
#define B 3977

// Our series resistor value = 10 kΩ
#define R 10000

// Variables for calculations
float RT, VR, ln, TX, T0, VRT;

void setup() {
// Setup serial communication
Serial.begin(9600);
// Convert T0 from Celsius to Kelvin
T0 = 25 + 273.15;
}

void loop() {
// Read the voltage across the thermistor
VRT = (5.00 / 1023.00) * analogRead(A0);

// Calculate the voltage across the resistor
VR = 5.00 - VRT;

// Calculate resistance of the thermistor
RT = VRT / (VR / R);

// Calculate temperature from thermistor resistance
ln = log(RT / RT0);
TX = (1 / ((ln / B) + (1 / T0)));

// Convert to Celsius
TX = TX - 273.15;

Serial.print("Temperature: ");
// Display in Celsius
Serial.print(TX);
Serial.print("C\t");

// Convert and display in Kelvin
Serial.print(TX + 273.15);
Serial.print("K\t");

// Convert and display in Fahrenheit
Serial.print((TX * 1.8) + 32);
Serial.println("F");

delay(500);
}``````

## Step 4: Monitor the Temperature

Open the Serial Monitor from the Arduino IDE by clicking the magnifying glass icon or using the keyboard shortcut `Ctrl + Shift + M` (Windows/Linux) or `Cmd + Shift + M` (Mac). Set the baud rate in the Serial Monitor to 9600 (or the same value as in the `Serial.begin()` function in the code).

In the serial monitor window, you’ll be able to see the temperature values in Celsius, Kelvin, and Fahrenheit. The values will refresh every 500 milliseconds.

Try heating the thermistor with your fingers to see the temperature change.

Example output to expect in the Serial Monitor:

```Temperature: 25.00C   298.15K   77.00F
Temperature: 24.89C   298.04K   76.80F
Temperature: 26.12C   299.27K   79.02F
Temperature: 27.38C   300.53K   81.28F
Temperature: 27.50C   300.65K   81.50F
Temperature: 26.80C   299.95K   80.24F
Temperature: 25.78C   299.93K   78.40F
Temperature: 25.10C   298.25K   77.18F
```

## Conclusion

You’ve successfully set up a thermometer using a thermistor with Arduino! This setup can be integrated into larger projects or used standalone to monitor temperature in any desired setting. Always refer to the thermistor datasheet for any component-specific information. Happy tinkering!